The study of the internal heat of the earth has allowed it to be applied as a source of renewable energy. Mexico is one of the main territories that has this type of infrastructure, which is why it stands out among the ten countries with geothermal operational capacity, according to ThinkGeoEnergy.
Thanks to the constant energy growth, various territories choose to operate with geothermal plants to supply heat and electricity. According to World Energy Trade, during 2020, “in countries like Iceland, 89% of houses are heated and 54% is used as primary energy, which is considered the cleanest due to the fact that greenhouse gas emissions geothermal power stations are averaging 45 grams of carbon dioxide per kilowatt-hour of electricity, or less than 5%.”
Below is global data for geothermal power generation (in megawatts) from 2021 by ThinkGeoEnergy Research.
Photo by ThinkGeoEnergy
While the United States consolidated its number one position with 3,722 MW, Mexico ranked sixth with a report of 962.7 MW and guaranteed the same operating capacity numbers with respect to 2020.
It should be noted that the CFE has prioritized these projects in Cerritos Colorados in Jalisco, El Ceboruco in Nayarit, Piedras de Lumbre in Chihuahua and Tulecheck in Baja California and Acoculco in Puebla. According to data from the Electricity Sector Works and Investments Program (POISE), there are 104 geothermal projects completed or under tender, as well as 254 under consideration for future tenders between 2012 and 2027.
It is expected that by 2050 geothermal will cover between 3 and 5% of world demand and reach 10% of that demand by the year 2100.